Inside Unmanned Systems

JUN-JUL 2016

Inside Unmanned Systems provides actionable business intelligence to decision-makers and influencers operating within the global UAS community. Features include analysis of key technologies, policy/regulatory developments and new product design.

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Q+A 66 unmanned systems inside June/July 2016 Q G F Q: What are the biggest priorities in setting the work at JARUS? a: The biggest consideration is trying to stay up, that is to be in phase with, the way the market is developing. Today we have very strong growth in the small UAS field and, in many parts of the world, ...the rules are not adapted to where the market is taking off, which creates risks for the entrepreneurs who are trying to develop this market. …We're developing…concepts of operation (CONOPS)…giving limits of what could be happening in the regulations. …These limits are performance-based or risk-based; so there is nothing in these frameworks that is very technical. It is all about risk mitigation and managing risk. ERIC SIVEL IS THE CHAIRMAN OF JARUS, the Joint Authorities for Rulemaking on Unmanned Systems. The organization's more than 40 member nations are working along with industry stakeholders to devise harmonized international standards for unmanned aircraft. Q: There are many aviation and standards groups. How is JARUS different? a: The objective…is to fill in the gaps. ICAO (the International Civil Aviation Organization) is responsible for international f light following instrument f light rules (IFR). That covers most, if not all, manned aviation activities. ...Whereas when we're talking about unmanned systems there are lots of (uncovered) activities, …building inspections, the carriage of goods in small packages. For business purposes, and for safety purposes also, it's very important that there be some form of harmonized approach throughout the world. Q: Where is JARUS's initial focus? a: We are focusing on the low risk operations and then the medium risk operations. The high-risk operations will probably be managed in the same way as IFR…So we're leaving that to ICAO. For low risk operations we are considering, for the drones that are sold in the different retail shops and used by private owners, how can that be managed and controlled in a way that doesn't pose a risk to third parties. Q: Would that include hobbyists? a: Drones or UAS can be, and in most parts of the world are, sold in your local electronics shop or can be printed if you have a 3-D printer—all sorts of things can happen. These are people who do it for fun but they are not part of an association or club. ...there has to be some form of protection for third parties. Q: What will be the focus of the autumn plenary in Washington? a: The focus of the plenary this September will be to finish the high level traffic management concept, …what level of oversight should we exercise depending on the risk. …Another concept is on traffic management, how will we manage this traffic of numerous unmanned aircraft. …A third high-level framework concept will be detect and avoid. How should detect and avoid function and what level of performance should you have. The fourth concept we'll be talking about is the command and control mix. ...There are very different technologies and principles involved. There are also some issues about security. How can we ensure that the parties don't take control of a drone. … And then there is the heart of the system… the risk assessment methodology. …How do you analyze that risk and how is that risk assessment done? Five Good Questions ERIC SIVEL

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