Inside Unmanned Systems

OCT-NOV 2016

Inside Unmanned Systems provides actionable business intelligence to decision-makers and influencers operating within the global UAS community. Features include analysis of key technologies, policy/regulatory developments and new product design.

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8 unmanned systems inside October/November 2016 visual line of sight and can only f ly in daylight (and dawn/dusk) with at least 2-mile visibility. What we got is the minimal range to make some limited UA S missions prof itable. What we didn't get is the ability to f ly more than a mile or two from the pilot. What we desperately need is a detailed, well researched way ahead for beyond line of sight (BLOS) UAS f light. BLOS will be expensive and industry won't invest in infrastruc- ture unless the FA A tells them what is acceptable. For example, industry doesn't know if BLOS requires just ADS-B, if they need full ground based radar coverage or if every drone has to have a 360-degree target detection capability. Or maybe all three? BLOS is the big, expensive restriction that we MUST solve to make drones prof- itable and industry needs guidance from the FA A before they can offer realistic solutions. Finally, there are no air worthi- ness standards for small UAS in Part 107. What we got was a clear victory for small UAS manufacturers. No job killing government over-regulation for drones weighing less than 55 pounds. That's fine for drones that f ly strictly within 107—why worr y about air- worthiness if you don't have a pilot on board and don't f ly over people? What we didn't get was airworthiness guid- ance for the "must do" waivers men- tioned earlier—ops over people and BLOS. Industry needs airworthiness standards if their UAS will pose a sig- nificant risk to human life. As men- tioned above, Micro UAS is on track to get industry working proposed stan- dards for ops over people. I'm not so sure about BLOS. Again, keep in mind every 107 pro- vision I've listed is waiverable. That's huge. Hats off to the FAA for allowing waivers. My only complaint is that of the two really important restrictions— ops over people and BLOS—only ops over people is getting really aggressive treatment from the FAA. I know BLOS is the tough one, but it's also the one industry will struggle to address on its own without some research help from the FAA. "AGAIN, KEEP IN MIND THAT EVERY 107 PROVISION I'VE LISTED IS WAIVERABLE. THAT'S HUGE. HATS OFF TO THE FAA FOR ALLOWING WAIVERS." Illustrations courtesy of FAA and SRC, Inc.— Sense-and-avoid (SA A) technology is essential to enabling flights beyond the line of sight of the operator. One example of SA A is SRC's GBSA A radar system. It was developed for the U.S. Army to allow UAS to operate in the National Airspace System without a chase plane or a ground observer. It uses LSTAR ® ground sensors to detect airborne traffic, providing the UAS operator with the information necessary to maintain separation between their UAS and other airborne traffic. A WAY AHEAD FOR LARGE UAS RULES REAL INTEGRATION INTO THE NATIONAL AIRSPACE SYSTEM DRONE CREW TRAINING CLEAR RULES FOR FLYING OVER PEOPLE WITH MINIMAL RISK DETAILED, WELL RESEARCHED WAY AHEAD FOR BEYOND LINE OF SIGHT (BLOS) UAS FLIGHT WHAT WE NEED The Part 107 rule makes clear where in the National Airspace drones are allowed to operate. MSL: Main Sea Level AGL: Above Ground Level FL: Flight Level General Overview by James Poss, Maj Gen (RET) USAF

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