Inside Unmanned Systems

OCT-NOV 2017

Inside Unmanned Systems provides actionable business intelligence to decision-makers and influencers operating within the global UAS community. Features include analysis of key technologies, policy/regulatory developments and new product design.

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AIR REGULATION 40 unmanned systems inside   October/November 2017 ing of just how extensive a waiver applica- tion should be," Cooper said. PrecisionHawk's application included a 23-page concept of operations (CONOPS) and a 20-page operational risk assessment (OR A). Cooper said applicants should note sup- porting documents in their online applica- tions, and then send them by email to the FA A once a case number is assigned. "The little box in the online application is not going to be sufficient for the type of data you need to provide," she said. "Those with non-aviation backgrounds should think of safety in three dimensions, and understand that f lying a UAS is an aviation activity," said Matt Scassero, director of the This applies to not only the Part 107 remote- pilots-in-command, but to all visual observers and all necessary personnel. "A ll of the waivers I've heard about for night f ly ing that have been approved are for tightly controlled operations where you are operating very close to the pilot in com- mand," Scassero said. "It took people a long time to realize that lighting is a big deal to aviation safety experts," Poss added. Pilots in command need to be able to see the aircraft to be capable of avoiding air- planes or obstacles, such as a tree or building. The FAA looks for an illuminated take-off and landing area as well as a well lit alternate land- ing area and aircraft. Airspace Waivers Waivers and authorizations to f ly in restrict- ed airspace are submitted through a sepa- rate online form than operations waivers. Airspace authorizations are appropriate for short-term operations in a specific location within the class of airspace requested (less than six months). Airspace waivers are ap- propriate for recurring operations over an extended period of time. UAS Facility Maps are now available online. They show the maxi- mum altitudes around airports where the FAA may authorize Part 107 UAS operations without additional safety analysis. The maps should be used to inform requests for Part 107 airspace authorizations and waivers in con- trolled airspace. According to the FA A, if an applicant for a waiver needs both an airspace authoriza- tion and a waiver of § 107.41, (operation in certain airspace) the applicant should re- quest a waiver for the operations. The FA A's waiver team will coordinate with staff from air traff ic control concerning the safety of the operation in the request for access to controlled airspace. For example, if an op- eration involved f lying at night, then coor- dination with the air traffic control facility YOU COULD PUT IN THE EXACT SAME NIGHT-WAIVER REQUEST AND GET TWO DIFFERENT RESPONSES FROM THE FAA. THEY DON'T TELL YOU EXACTLY WHAT'S WRONG. THERE IS NO STANDARD YET, BUT INTERNALLY, THEY NEED TO ENSURE THEIR REQUIREMENTS ARE APPLIED CONSISTENTLY." Anthony Pucciarella, director of operations, University of Maryland UAS Test Site University of Maryland Unmanned Aircraft Systems Test Site. "They have to recognize that FAA is the authority." Scassero said safety is about training the people, certifying the equip- ment and having certifiable and repeatable procedures. "You have to have a disciplined approach to understanding the environment in which you are operating." Tips for Obtaining a Night Waiver The FA A asks that applicants for proposed night operations fully describe training to overcome visual illusions caused by darkness and how the responsible person will ensure all required safety participants in the opera- tion will understand physiological conditions that may degrade night vision. " Photo courtesy of PrecisionHawk.

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