Inside Unmanned Systems

AUG-SEP 2018

Inside Unmanned Systems provides actionable business intelligence to decision-makers and influencers operating within the global UAS community. Features include analysis of key technologies, policy/regulatory developments and new product design.

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76 August/September 2018 unmanned systems inside T he new EU basic aviation regulation, as it pertains to drones, sets down in stone the key principles of ensuring safety, se- curity, privacy, data protection and envi- ronmental protection. By itself, the basic regu- lation establishes such things as the registration threshold for drone operators; operators must be registered if the drones they operate can transmit more than 80 Joules of kinetic energy upon impact with a person. The basic regulation also requires that drones be designed in such a way that they cannot put people at risk. For example, depending on its weight or area of operation, a drone may need to be equipped with automated landing features or collision avoidance systems. Drone operators are also required to be aware of all the rules that apply to them, and many op- erators will have to join national registers, with their drones marked for identification. Ver y importantly, the new basic regula- tion g ives the European Av iation Safet y Agency (E ASA), which works closely w ith the European Commission, the authority to formally guide future developments in the f ield of unmanned aircraft systems (UAS), i.e. without the necessity for further high- level EU legislative approval. Big Sky Europe? Peter Gutierrez, Inside Unmanned SystemsÕ European Editor, has written about the continent's evolving science and technology landscape for many years. He has covered transport, space policy and environmental issues from his home base in Brussels and reported extensively on satellite-based navigation including the GPS, Galileo and EGNOS programs. IN BRIEF After years of legislative wrangling, the EU has adopted a new basic aviation regulation, updating safety rules and introducing the fi rst ever EU- wide rules for civil drones. Further, the basic regulation empowers the European Aviation Safety Agency, on its own initiative, to put in place more comprehensive rules for drones, rules now expected to be adopted by the end of 2018. BASIC REGULATION ADOPTED, UAS PART STILL TO COME With the key principles outlined in the basic aviation regulation as a rough guide, EASA and the European Commission are now proceeding with the delineation of specific and comprehen- sive EU-wide rules for civil drones. These rules, heretofore referred to as the EU UAS regulation, will address matters such as maximum altitude and distance limits for drone flight, and how and by whom operations will need to be authorized. The rules will specify which operators need to be registered, who needs more training and which drones need to have additional safety features. The aim will be to deliver a UAS regulation that can be put into force by national authorities across the continent, enabling the harmoniza- tion and standardization of the whole European commercial drone operations market. Speaking at the EASA Workshop on 'UAS Standard Scenarios' in Cologne in July, European Commission Administrator Koen de Vos said, "We want to open up the drone services market, and we want to see this trans- lated into what matters for European citizens— economic growth and jobs. We believe EASA's strong and robust global approach is the correct one, in keeping with the JARUS process." BRUSSELS VIEW on EU Drone Operations by PETER GUTIERREZ Photos courtesy of Peter Gutierrez.

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