Inside Unmanned Systems

DEC 2018 - JAN 2019

Inside Unmanned Systems provides actionable business intelligence to decision-makers and influencers operating within the global UAS community. Features include analysis of key technologies, policy/regulatory developments and new product design.

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8  December 2018/January 2019 unmanned systems inside by James Poss, Maj Gen (Ret.) USAF General Overview C ongress did a fantastic, bi-partisan job on the technically challenging topic of drones last month when it passed the 2018 Federal Av iation Administration (FA A) Reauthorization Act. And when I say "bipartisan " I mean it. The Act passed 393 to 13 in the House and 93 to six in the Senate. That's a 97 percent and 94 percent vote margin in each house, respectively. Wow. What makes this bill even more amaz- ing is that it passed despite determined opposition and even addressed touchy policy areas like privacy, drone registra- tion and counter drone authorities. I'm sure you've read lots of articles on what the act contained. I'm also going to tell you why the act contained what it did, who supported the provision and who lost out. It's a big piece of legislation with lots of in- teresting stuff in it but I'll only address the unmanned aircraft systems (UAS) portion of the act. I'll organize my commentary by section so you can reference language of the bill itself. I can't cover everything in the Act, but I'll hit the highlights. THE FAA REAUTHORIZATION ACT OF 2018 The Act funds the FA A for a full five years, just like the federal government is SUPPOSED to fund federal agencies. THE ISSUES: Congress had been fund- ing the FA A year to year, largely due to disputes over privatizing portions of the FA A. The pro-privatization crowd was hoping President Trump would take their side, but he didn't. This forced the priva- tizers to give up and support a normal, five-year funding bill. THE WINNERS: The FAA. THE LOSERS: Supporters of FAA privatization. SEC. 342. UPDATE OF FAA COMPREHENSIVE PLAN FAA must update Congress on their plan for integrating UAS into the National Airspace System (NAS) within 270 days. It must include: the possibility of using an Unmanned Traffic Management (UTM) system, roles/responsibilities/authorities of government and the private sector to re- A CLOSER LOOK AT THE ACT The recently passed FAA Reauthorization Act of 2018 advances drone integration into the National Airspace System (NAS). The issues the Act addresses include: • The FAA's Comprehensive UAS Plan • UAS Privacy Review • Financing of UAS Services • Safety Enforcement • Federal and Local Authorities • UAS Test Ranges • Small UAS Safety Standards •  Public Safety Threat Response Strategy •  Airport Safety and Airspace Hazard Mitigation and Enforcement •  Integration Pilot Program (IPP) YOU CAN READ THE ACT AT: congress.gov/bill/115th-congress/ house-bill/302/text?q=%7B%22s earch%22%3A%5B%22FAA+Rea uthorization%22%5D%7D&r=2. THE "WHYS" OF THE 2018 FAA REAUTHORIZATION ACT

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