Inside Unmanned Systems

JUN-JUL 2019

Inside Unmanned Systems provides actionable business intelligence to decision-makers and influencers operating within the global UAS community. Features include analysis of key technologies, policy/regulatory developments and new product design.

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40  June/July 2019 unmanned systems inside Raytheon's Ground-Based Detect and Avoid (DAA) system—which uses existing air traf- fic data from multiple sources to provide a real-time display of aircraft in the surround- ing airspace and has been used to manage military UAS such as Predator, Reaper, and Northrop Grumman RQ-4 Global Hawk— is operational at Spring f ield-Beck ley Municipal Airport in Clark County, Ohio. That system will be used to test the safety and efficiency of small drone operations in the 200-square-mile drone test range. Daniel Fuller, senior solutions architect and team lead for Commercial Solutions at Insitu, noted: "Our main focus currently is on DA A systems; our DA A trade studies and briefing papers have been completed, and the Perception briefing paper has been submitted to the LA ACO and Policy and Innovation off ices of the FA A. Ground and f light test programs also are under development." " We have hundreds of thousands of hours of experience operating in diffi cult spaces, which has given agencies such as the FAA confi dence to support UAV-enabled research and development in commercial areas." Tyler Sibley, senior pilot, Insitu SIGNAL READY AND RELIABLE In terms of specific capabilities, integra- tors, operators and market leaders in the commercial sector are looking specifically for proven functionalities such as assured position, navigation and timing (PNT) and tactical data links/networking from mili- tary applications to drive future UAS com- mercial/civil applications. The pr imar y components of an ef- fective UAS data link and communica- tion system—whether militar y or com- mercial—are ground control stations, air data terminals, reliable (PN T) and satellite networks. Reliable and redun- dant PN T solutions delivered through multiple sources will facilitate effective detect-and-avoid technolog y, teaming and autonomy, visual-based navigation capabilities (database-driven navigation using images vs. GPS-based) and cyber- security solutions. Whether transmitting location, f light time, distance and location to target or payload information, live videos or im- ages, UAS must have the ability to safely and quickly deliver large amounts of data. Data links are often the most vulnerable to detection, jamming and geography. The FAA has noted that developing com- mand and control requirements involves trade-offs across available radio spectrum, additional spectrum needs, and highly variable operational performance features such as system integrity, availability and security, among others. The agency stated in its 2018 Integration of Civil Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS) in the National Airspace System (NAS) Roadmap that most UAS have not been de- signed to comply with existing civil airwor- thiness or operational standards, further stating that other components of the UAS, such as the equipment and software associ- DARPA envisions future swarm systems, potentially hundreds of unmanned platforms operating simultaneously in real time, monitored and managed through an advanced human-swarm interface. Applications DEFENSE COMMERCIAL NEXUS Photo courtesy of DARPA.

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