Inside Unmanned Systems

JUN-JUL 2019

Inside Unmanned Systems provides actionable business intelligence to decision-makers and influencers operating within the global UAS community. Features include analysis of key technologies, policy/regulatory developments and new product design.

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69 June/July 2019  unmanned systems inside IUS: How did your waiver quest start? Lozowick: A few years back, ParaZero defi ned a plan of how to get waivers approved with our parachute systems. At a high level, we understood that the FAA had a data problem—they simply did not have the required information to understand the risks and approve/reject a specifi c operation or parachute system. We looked into how we could generate and collect that data, and then what were the channels through which we could provide it to the FAA. IUS: How did ASTM International and other standard-setting groups support this process? Lozowick: The ASTM group was an obvious place to start, as the goal was to develop a standard that would help the FAA make educated decisions around waivers. The UASIPP [UAS Integrated Pilot Program] was also a great opportunity to work closely with the FAA, show them the performance of the systems fi rst-hand and get their feedback. In the current Part 107 waiver framework, the compliance and test data need to be submitted with each application. The fact that we provide the data with our ASTM Professional Kit [meeting ASTM 3322-18] is key to the success of the waivers. IUS: Your fi rst waiver for Section 107.39(a) actually was granted last September, when Botlink used your system on a DJI Phantom 4 to overfl y a football tailgate in North Dakota. How did that waiver lead to the trio you received this June? Lozowick: It was a stepping stone. The waiver was a short-term (only for a few days), location-specifi c waiver granted as part of the UASIPP. The recently approved waivers are long-term waivers (four years) granted outside of any special FAA/DOT program, and they are nationwide. One of the success criteria of the UASIPP is the ability to replicate approvals from the program to operators outside the program. This is the fi rst time that such an approval was proven to be replicable and even improved upon. IUS: Your June waiver partners were general contractor Hensel Phelps, cinematographer Beverly Hills Aerial and surveyor/mapper Alaska Aerial Media. Why them? Lozowick: We were looking for leading companies from multiple verticals that we knew had a strong focus on safety but were also willing to push the envelope. IUS: What's needed next? Lozowick: While these are super-exciting milestones for us…we are aiming much bigger than single-digit waiver approvals. The long-term solution is a change to Part 107, as was suggested in the FAA's NPRM for fl ight over people. Granted waivers point us in the direction that future regulation is going while also proving the FAA with data and statistics on extended operations in a relatively controlled fashion. In terms of fl ight over people, there is still plenty of room for progress. We would like to get approvals for heavier drones, as well as for operations over moving vehicles. Combining our SafeAir Systems with other complementing technologies would be a good start to tackle this challenge. "THE RECENTLY APPROVED WAIVERS ARE LONG-TERM WAIVERS (four years) granted outside of any special FAA/DOT program, and they are nationwide." Flying Over People DEFENSE COMMERCIAL NEXUS Inside ParaZero's Flight Over People Parachute Waivers In June, fi rst-time FAA waivers allowed fl ights over people using a ParaZero SafeAir Phantom Parachute System and ATSM Professional Kit. ParaZero succeeded by showing a descent rate low enough to provide acceptable impact energy and functionality across many failure scenarios. While the FAA "did not certify or approve the parachute to be used," its waiver establishes a pathway for other industry-FAA collaborations. Inside Unmanned Systems caught up with ParaZero's Director of Policy and Strategy Avi Lozowick to learn more about how this came to pass. Avi Lozowick, Director of Policy and Strategy, ParaZero

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