Inside Unmanned Systems

DEC 2017 - JAN 2018

Inside Unmanned Systems provides actionable business intelligence to decision-makers and influencers operating within the global UAS community. Features include analysis of key technologies, policy/regulatory developments and new product design.

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Page 14 of 67

15 unmanned systems inside December 2017/January 2018 True, the American military and in- telligence community did make ma- jor breakthroughs—DARPA invented internet protocol messaging; up until the mid 1990s the world's faster super- computer title was a race between the U.S. National Security Agency and the UK's Government Communications Headquarters (the two also contest who invented the computer). However, the free market left the government in the dust starting in the early 1980s. Mainframes were too bulky for American business, so Intel invented the microprocessor, Microsoft in- vented the operating system and IBM invented the personal computer. The internet may have worked for DARPA, but normal people could never access it until Mosaic improved on Sir Tim Berners-Lee's "world wide web brows- er" and Cisco manufactured MIT's "internet router" in massive numbers. Internet signals flashed over fiber op- tics invented by Corning Glass (based on British research). When cables be- came an encumbrance, internet traffic switched to Motorola's "cellular phone" and then to "WiFi" built by AT&T (based on Australian research—I'm seeing a pattern here…). What America didn't do as they invented modern computing was to consider security from the start when developing these systems. To this day, Silicon Valley has successfully resisted most regulation, however sensible. As a result, we have an Internet that is impossible to secure and social me- dia apps like Facebook that Russian intelligence can easily manipulate to spread propaganda. How China Became a Superpower American cyber achievements are im- pressive, but China started to catch up when cheap Chinese labor attracted the bulk of America's cyber produc- tion capacity. China took a radically different approach from America in becoming a cyber superpower. Whereas the U.S. let the market guide cyber development, China used government guidance supported by their intelligence community to leap- frog ahead by outright stealing code, convincing American companies to manufacturer in China, strategically acquiring American cyber companies and using America's own massive university system to train their com- puter scientists and engineers. Unlike America's market based system, most moves made by China are govern- ment directed and supported by the full power of the state. China has done an impressive job of catching up with America in a short time. China actively uses America's free market system against the United States. Few American students could attend Chinese universities for cyber education (assuming they'd want to). According to the Pew Research Center, 57 percent of doctoral degrees in en- gineering and 53 percent of doctoral degrees in computer and information sciences went to foreigners in 2012-13. More than half of these foreign stu- dents were Chinese. Few countries on earth would have permitted the bulk of their chip and memory manufacturing to move to a foreign country (let alone an adversary country) because produc- tion costs were lower, but America did. Intel Corp is the last remaining compa- ny that has major chip manufacturing in America. The United States could never direct an American company to buy a foreign company to acquire technology to advance the American cyber industrial base, but China does it routinely. Remember that IBM per- sonal computer invention I mentioned earlier? The Chinese company Lenovo now owns it. The Road to the Cyber Wars We're about to see a replay of the early 21st Century cyber wars as the world switches to autonomous sys- tems and drones will be the first bat- tlefield. Again, this is a technology pioneered by the United States (and its close ally, Israel). Israel developed the first modern drone, the Scout, in the late 1970s and used it to mas- sacre the Syrian Air Force over the Bekka Valley in 1983. A dual Israeli/ American citizen developed the first beyond line of sight drone, the MQ- 1, in the late 1990s and the U.S. Air Force used it to gut Al Qaida after 9/11. Nor thrup Grumman made the first nearly autonomous drone, the RQ-4 Global Hawk, in the early 2000s. CYBER CAPACITY IS THE DECIDING FACTOR. COUNTRIES WITH THE BEST (AND MOST) CODERS, THE MOST EXTENSIVE CYBER PRODUCTION CAPABILITY, THE BEST CYBER INFRASTRUCTURE AND BEST REGULATORY ENVIRONMENT ARE THE NEW SUPERPOWERS.

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