Inside Unmanned Systems

DEC 2017 - JAN 2018

Inside Unmanned Systems provides actionable business intelligence to decision-makers and influencers operating within the global UAS community. Features include analysis of key technologies, policy/regulatory developments and new product design.

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63 unmanned systems inside December 2017/January 2018 UAS with an MTOM of less than 900 g require only for the operators to register themselves. Any registration remains valid for three years. Drones Over People How close the UAS is operated to people is the main defining parameter of the subcategories A1 to A3. Subcategory A1 encompasses drones allowed to fly "over people" and hence includes only the lightest weight classes of UAS—C0 and C1. Operations in this category can only be con- ducted with lighter UAS of classes C0 and C1 or privately built UAS with a MTOM of less than 250 g. For this category the pilot is generally only required to read the leaflet included in the prod- uct package and allowed to fly up to a maximum height of 50 m AGL. Operations up to 120 m AGL are only allowed after successfully complet- ing an online training as well as an online test. So far, there is no information about the scope and type of the test and training curriculum which may be required. Active electronic ID of the UA is only needed if the drone is equipped with a camera of more than 5 megapixels and real-time video transmission link or any other type of sen- sor able to record personal data, correlating with the requirements for a C1 class drone. In Subcategory A2, operations close to peo- ple, meaning at a distance of at least 50 m (or 20 m if operating a rotary-wing UAS) of un- involved persons can be conducted with a C2 class drone, requiring the successful comple- tion of a test. Pilots need to be at least 16 years old or must act under supervision of a person complying with that age limit. While it already may be difficult for pilots to estimate the distance of the UAS to people, the third or A3 category, with it vague require- ment of operating "far from people," further adds to the confusion. Due to this uncertainty, the usability of this subcategory is more than questionable. The NPA operations are consid- ered "far from people" in an area where it is reasonably expected that no uninvolved person will be present. Which in turn raises the ques- tion what "involvement" of persons means and when it may be assumed. Operations in sub- Class MTOM Maximum height of the operation Main technical requirements Electronic ID, Geofencing C0 < 250 g Limitation up to 50 m AGL; or compliance with Toy regulation If equipped with a follow-me mode, distance between pilot and UAS may not exceed 50 m; or compliance with Toy regulation C1 < 900 g and max speed of 18 m/s, or made from materials to ensure the energy in the event of an impact is < 80 J Limitation up to 120 m AGL If equipped with a follow-me mode, distance between pilot and UAS may not exceed 50 m Electronic-ID, if equipped with an audio sensor or camera > 5 MP; C2 < 4 kg Limitation up to 120 m AGL Loss of data link manage- ment; Information about battery status; Geofencing and Electronic-ID mandatory C3 < 25 kg Limitation up to 120 m AGL Loss of data link manage- ment; Information about battery status; C4 < 25 kg DRONE CLASSES AND ITS CHARACTERISTICS Source: EASA. FOR MORE ON FLYING OVER PEOPLE, READ "BREAKING UP IS GOOD TO DO" on Page 36 in this issue. CNN worked with aviation officials for over two years to develop techniques and rules to fly these missions safely. An ultralight, break- apart quadcopter was a key element in wining the first waiver allowing drone flights over people.

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