Inside Unmanned Systems

DEC 2017 - JAN 2018

Inside Unmanned Systems provides actionable business intelligence to decision-makers and influencers operating within the global UAS community. Features include analysis of key technologies, policy/regulatory developments and new product design.

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65 unmanned systems inside December 2017/January 2018 UAS operating at low altitudes. This enables a framework to facilitate any kind of routine mission, from the inspection of infrastructure or the delivery of goods to more complex future applications such as urban air mobility. In a first step, electronic registration, identification and most importantly geofencing will be imple- mented in 2019. Consistent with this first step, the EASA NPA considers the same set of ser- vices. The further plan of the U-Space-concept is to create a fully equipped automated traffic management system for drones, including flight planning, flight approval and tracking as well as services to support more complex operations in populated areas. EASA aims to keep a strong link between its NPA and the U-Space blue- print, adapting to it when necessary. Lastly, the NPA contains exceptions of its regulatory system for pilots of Model Aircraft. Since Model Aircraft are by definition within the scope of the new NPA, the strong Model Aircraft lobby was concerned that operators would only be able to exercise their hobby with great restrictions. Fortunately for the hobby- ists, the NPA contains dedicated requirements for recreational f light activities conducted in the framework of model clubs and associa- tions, allowing the competent authorities of the Member States to issue an operational autho- rization in which they may define deviations from the NPA rules. Apart from that, opera- tions may be allowed by Member States in their UAS zones or under the scope of subcategory A3. EASA lawmakers hope to show concession to the Model Aircraft pilots and their hobby. Conclusion The proposed regulation is the next step of the ambitious task to find a solution to a fast- evolving UAS market as well as to mitigate the risk of operating UAS. To achieve a status of global leadership, the law-making task is an essential step to harmonize the fragmented regulatory framework within the EU. Yet, the road might be troublesome, as a change to the Basic Regulation is necessary for EU compe- tence. Whereas the introduction of the LUC might simplify UAS use for the industry and therefore foster economic growth, the system of the different categories and subcategories leaves room for improvement. Especially, the scope of application of category A3 is so inde- terminate that its usefulness may be in doubt. Moreover, the SORA, will present the authori- ties with problems and require a huge amount of bureaucracy. The introduction of market product legislation on the other hand will be relieving for operators. If the system works as intended, operators will not need to focus on technical requirements of their UAS, which will be of particular benefit to non-commercial users. The introduction of the U-Space concept in correlation with the NPA will provide the essential automated experience needed for commercial UAS operations. At this point the proposed rules may yet be too complex for application by the everyday user. And even commercial operators and the authorities of the Member States may be hard pressed to apply the set of categories and terms lacking clear definitions. At the end of 2017 it will become apparent, if the commenting phase has been used sensibly and if the outcome will be a piece of legisla- tion which answers to the need of practicality and efficiency and that may potentially serve for other legislations as positive example to follow. IN THE CURRENT FORM, THE NPA STILL HAS SOME WAY AHEAD TO ACHIEVE ITS AMBITIOUS GOALS. AT THIS POINT THE PROPOSED RULES MAY YET BE TOO COMPLEX FOR APPLICATION BY THE EVERYDAY USER.

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