Inside Unmanned Systems

DEC 2017 - JAN 2018

Inside Unmanned Systems provides actionable business intelligence to decision-makers and influencers operating within the global UAS community. Features include analysis of key technologies, policy/regulatory developments and new product design.

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Page 9 of 67

10 unmanned systems inside   December 2017/January 2018 ment"). Causby didn't completely stop the debate over federal versus local con- trol of very low altitude airspace because the FAA claims Causby just applies to private rights versus state/local airspace regulation, but it did give local control of wings—albeit just chicken wings." Pretty meaningful (and expensive) chickens, eh? The Big Event Up until President Tr ump's BIG EVENT in October, a sizable percent- age of commercial drone operators, the FAA, and Association for Unmanned Ve h i c l e S y s t e m s I n t e r n a t i o n a l (AUVSI) had been acting like Causby's chickens never made their tragic sac- rifice. "Federal preemption" was their war cry and profit/power were their motives. The package delivery crowd has been wedded to federal preemp- tion of all airspace because they fear local involvement in drone operations might make a complicated patchwork of local laws with which to comply. Berkley might kick them out of town completely. Austin would make them tie dye their drones. Alabama would make it illegal to film football practice (except over Mississippi or Louisiana). They reasoned it would be much better to deal with a single FAA than poten- tially thousands of localities. The FAA ignored Causby's gallant chickens be- cause, trust me after 30 years in the U.S. Air Force, I KNOW the FAA will fight to the end over every foot of air- space. AUVSI was following the money and supporting the commercial drone industry until a convenient f lip f lop a week before the BIG EVENT. What was the BIG EVENT? It was President Trump himself riding to the rescue of stressed chickens nationwide by releasing his "UAS Integration Pilot Program" (IP2) initiative to investigate— drum roll please—how to give state, local and tribal authorities a role in drone reg- ulation below 200 feet. Impressive, eh? A Closer Look at IP2 Under IP2, "Jurisdictional Authorities" can team with drone operators to get technical support from the FAA (and ASSURE, the FA A's drone research center of excellence) to figure out what role locals have in managing drone operations over their jurisdictions be- low 200 feet. The FAA will do its best to permit liberal waivers to key drone issues like beyond line of sight opera- tions (BLOS), multiple aircraft opera- tions by a single pilot, night operations and operations over people, etc. Trump sealed the deal by putting Secretary Elaine Chao at the Department of Transportation firmly in charge with direct interface with a team in the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy. The President was adamant that at least five teams would be selected, but let it be known that he'd be happy if hundreds of teams made the cut. Done right, local authorities can vault ahead of the rest of the nation to make their state or city the best regu- lated, most drone friendly place in the country. Las Vegas can take the lead to IP2 HAS A THREE-YEAR LIMIT, POTENTIALLY GIVING WINNING LOCAL AUTHORITIES A MASSIVE LEAD IN ATTRACTING DRONE BUSINESSES OVER THE REST OF THE COUNTRY. MAJOR GENERAL JAMES O. POSS (RET) is a leading expert on UAS, having targeted the first armed UAS strikes, designed the U.S. Air Force's remote split operations system for UAS control, and designed the Distributed Common Ground Station for UAS intelligence analysis. General Poss was the Executive Director of the Alliance for System Safety of UAS through Research Excellence (ASSURE) of the Federal Aviation Administration's (FAA) Unmanned Aerial Systems (UAS) Center of Excellence Team. He is CEO of ISR Ideas—an intelligence, unmanned systems and cyber warfare consulting company with decades of intelligence community experience, coupled with insider FAA knowledge. General Overview by James Poss, Maj Gen (RET) USAF Turn to page 20 to read more about UTM technology and what some of the UAS test sites are doing to advance it.

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