Inside Unmanned Systems

APR-MAY 2018

Inside Unmanned Systems provides actionable business intelligence to decision-makers and influencers operating within the global UAS community. Features include analysis of key technologies, policy/regulatory developments and new product design.

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AIR DEFENSE 50 April/May 2018 unmanned systems inside "The Army vaguely talks about having a requirement for (small UAVs)," Zaloga said, "but when you go and look in the budget, where are they funding this? Are they putting any real money there? The answer is no." U.S. KEEPS ITS LEAD Though the military UAV sector is ex- pected to become increasingly interna- tional the United States will continue to dominate, Teal predicted. The United States will account for 57 percent of the unclassified research and development (R&D) spending on UAV technology over the next decade and about 32 per- cent of the procurement. Add in Teal's estimates of classified U.S. spending and that jumps to 76 percent of R&D and 49 percent of procurement. A comparison of production value of the unmanned aircraft (that is the value of the UAVs themselves not in- cluding things like sensors, modifi- cations, ground control systems and other procurement costs) shows the U.S. growing from an estimated pro- duction of 1,179 UAVs worth $1.8 bil- lion in 2017 to 2,530 drones in 2026 worth $4.4 billion. The Asia-Pacific is the next most active market by region as measured by both the number of air Micro UAVs: Very small hand-launched units. Those valued at less than $10,000 are not included in the study. Mini UAVs: A UAV small enough to be launched by a person; typically deployed by Army units at the platoon or company level. The AeroVironment RQ-11 Raven is an example Small Tactical UAVs (STUAVs): A UAV between mini-UAV and TUAV in size, typically small enough to be lifted by a human, but too large to be launched by hand. Typically launched by a bungee or similar system, and deployed at battalion level. Examples would be the Boeing/Insitu ScanEagle or the German Luna. Tactical UAVs (TUAVs): A UAV used for reconnaissance by Army formations of regiment, brigade, or division size, with endurance of several hours and operating radius of 200 km or less. Some typical examples are the British Watchkeeper, U.S. Shadow, French Crécerelle/Sperwer and the Israeli Searcher. Naval VTUAVs: A tactical vertical-take-off UAV adapted for shipboard use with a customized ground control station for shipboard operations. This does not include small tactical UAVs or MALE UAVs operated by navies from shore bases or ships. Typical examples are the Schiebel Camcopter and the MQ-8 Fire Scout. MALE UAVs: A Medium Altitude/Long Endurance UAV with endurance of about 24 hours and long-range capability, generally used for operational reconnaissance. Typical examples are the Predator and Heron. HALE UAVs: A High Altitude/Long Endurance UAV with endurance of a day or more and long-range capability, generally used for strategic reconnaissance. The Global Hawk is a typical example. UCAVs: Uninhabited Combat Air Vehicle, a high performance UAV designed primarily for ground attack. Tactical UAVs and MALE UAVs with secondary strike capability, such as the MQ-9 Reaper, are not included in this category, but in their original platform/size category. Mini-UAV $50,000–65,000 Small Tactical UAV $300,000–500,000 Tactical UAV $1,500,000–4,000,000 Naval VTUAV $8,000,000–15,000,000 MALE UAV $9,000,000–20,000,000 HALE UAV $75,000,000–115,000,000 UCAV $20,000,000–150,000,000 Source: Teal Group Types of UAVs Included in the Study UAV Production Value 2017–2026 by UAV Category Standardized Cost Ranges by UAV Type ($ in thousands) Table 2 Chart 3 UCAV (speculative) $27.2 HALE $15.6 MALE $22.2 Naval UAVs $4.3 STUAVs $0.9 1% TUAVs $7.4 Mini-UAVs $3.0 4% 34% 19% 28% 5% 9% $ Billions Photos courtesy of Prox Dynamics, AeroVironment, Insitu, Peter Russell LBIPP/MOD, OGL, commons.wikimedia.org, Northrop Grumman and General Atomics.

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