Inside Unmanned Systems

APR-MAY 2018

Inside Unmanned Systems provides actionable business intelligence to decision-makers and influencers operating within the global UAS community. Features include analysis of key technologies, policy/regulatory developments and new product design.

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64   April/May 2018 unmanned systems inside BRUSSELS VIEW by PETER GUTIERREZ EGNOS signals and frequencies at the European Commission. In fact, the Munich SatNav Summit, which draws heav y weight speakers from the GNSS community across the globe, featured multiple sessions fo- cusing on unmanned and autonomous systems. Suffice it to say everyone in- volved in navigation is eyeing drones, driverless cars, and other unmanned systems as a huge emerging market for precise point posi- tioning (PPP) and as a stimulus to increase the attention paid to ques- tions of reliability and security. Right now though, e ven a s u n m a n ne d markets move forward by leaps and bounds, there remains a lack o f u n i f i e d o p e r a t - ing rules, even within the European Union, where individual coun- tries continue to forge their own regulator y paths. Back to Hayes: "I'm from the European Commission," he said, "and we're all about regulation. So, stepping back to 2008, we have the first regulation on UAVs that basically said Member States are responsible for UAS, drones, below 150 kilograms." Ten years later, this is still the only EU guidance in place. "So potentially that leaves space below 150 kilograms where there could be fragmentation between different member states," Hayes said. Back in Nuremberg, at the all-drone U.T.SEC event, Airbus' Rappsilber told us, "In Europe we have to apply to the relevant authorities in each country where we want to operate. We do have some help with that in Germany, with organizations like UAV Dach [German Association for Unmanned Aviation], where they will send out an expert to look at your system and give you advice about permissions. But it would defi- nitely be better if there were one set of rules for everyone." "So there is a new regulation being drafted," Hayes said. "It's aim is to unify the regulatory framework for UA S operations, and it will include those below 150 kilograms." Haye s w a s t a l k i ng about the EU Remotely P i l o t e d A i r c r a f t Systems (RPAS) regu- lation, which we have reported on in the past, put together by the European Commission a nd t he E u r op e a n Aviation Safety Agency (EASA). "The draft I've seen seems quite advanced," said Hayes, "and I expect it to be in place this year." Just what 'in place' means is another sticky question. He told us later, "Yes, that means that it's then up to the Member States to imple- ment it. But I do think this is one that they would want to implement." While the EU RPAS regulation has been simmering, the EU SESAR ini- tiative (Single European Sky ATM Research) has been busy drafting its own U-Space concept, meant to unify Europe's entire airspace under a single regulatory framework. Hayes said, "U-space comes in four phases. "AS FAR AS I KNOW THE [EU RPAS] REGULATION WILL COME. BUT WE ARE NOT SO SURE ABOUT WHEN EXACTLY IT WOULD START IN GERMANY. NOT BEFORE 2025- 2030, IN ANY CASE, BECAUSE EVEN IF THE UNION ACCEPTS IT, PASSES IT, THEN GERMANY STILL HAS TO DECIDE FOR ITSELF." Julia Gonschorek, project manager and research fellow at the European Aviation Security Center (EASC).

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