Inside Unmanned Systems

JUN-JUL 2018

Inside Unmanned Systems provides actionable business intelligence to decision-makers and influencers operating within the global UAS community. Features include analysis of key technologies, policy/regulatory developments and new product design.

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55 June/July 2018 unmanned systems inside and automated cars. In practice, this has meant a lot of research funding and initiatives aimed at enticing stakeholders to sit together and thrash things out. And there are guidelines, roadmaps and rafts of money on the way. The role of the Commission and the EU in general, she said, "is not just to legislate, but to try to create the en- abling framework for activities. The core of our efforts is to give impetus to cooperation." EU DOING ALL IT CAN On the very day the Commission was pushing for cooperation at the Connected Cars con- ference, it was busy in another part of town adopting the third and final part of its massive 'Europe on the Move' package, "aimed at mak- ing Europe a world leader for fully automated and connected mobility systems," Marcich said. Among other things, the package comprises a new EU Communication on Connected and Automated Mobility, and two legislative initia- tives aimed at establishing a digital environ- ment for information exchange in transport. "All of this will be accompanied by a new call for proposals under the Connecting Europe Facility," Marcich said, "with 450 million avail- able for projects contributing to road safety, digi- tization and multimodality." Also, under the CEF Telecom program, she said, there will be an ad- ditional 4 million allotted for cybersecurity for cooperative, connected and automated mobility. It doesn't stop there. "In addition," Marcich said, "we will adopt by the end of this year a new regulation under the ITS Directive with the objec- tive of ensuring secured and trustful communica- tion between vehicles and infrastructure, sound data protection and interoperability of messages for safety-related and traffic management servic- es." The hope here, she said, is to provide legal cer- tainty for car manufacturers and road operators, who will start with mass deployment in 2019. The EU has already provided 440 million for the digitization of road infrastructure. Adding up various funding initiatives, the EU will have spent 1 billion under the current budgetary framework for connected and automated road transport, and Marcich said she expects to see a similar amount under the next framework. A rapid increase in availability and accessi- bility of data will also pose new challenges, she said. Unlike in some parts of the world, much of the legal framework necessary for meeting those challenges is already in place in the EU. For example, the European vehicle type ap- proval framework was modernized in 2018, introducing market surveillance rules that will be key for driverless vehicles. The EU also has new data protection rules, just implement- ed in May; the highly visible General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) aims primarily to give citizens and residents control over their personal data and to simplify the regulatory environment for international business. It will have a big impact on how business models in the connected car sector develop. "But not all measures can be technical or le- gal," Marcich said. "To make these cars a suc- cess, we also need acceptance and uptake." She cited one study that showed that while 58 percent of Europeans would be OK with riding in a driverless car themselves, only 35 percent of parents said they would let their kids ride in one. "So we will still need to ensure that people believe in these vehicles, in our high safety and security standards." And that will require a completely different kind of communication. As for real regulatory action, Marcich admit- ted, "Even if we have a magic formula, when you look at our procedures, they take some time, and with this rapidly developing environment cer- tainly you can't always know if this is the right decision or if that is the right decision—and then we put something on the table and it takes two, three years sometimes with the co-decision pro- cess. So this is where indeed the discussion plat- forms, the fora, are playing a huge role." CROSS-BORDER TESTING WELL UNDERWAY Jean Schiltz is a Smart Mobility Expert support- ing Luxembourg's Ministry of the Economy. He "WE NEED TO BE SURE ABOUT TECHNOLOGY NEUTRALITY. IT IS NOT IN THE REMIT OF A REGULATOR TO PICK WINNING TECHNOLOGIES." Chris Woolford, director of international spectrum policy, UK Office of Communications

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