Inside Unmanned Systems

JUN-JUL 2018

Inside Unmanned Systems provides actionable business intelligence to decision-makers and influencers operating within the global UAS community. Features include analysis of key technologies, policy/regulatory developments and new product design.

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56   June/July 2018 unmanned systems inside BRUSSELS VIEW by PETER GUTIERREZ The state of advancement of the European test corridors demonstrates the real impe- tus behind getting connected cars rolling in Europe. However, there do remain a number of fundamental technical details to be worked out, not least of which is the question of radio spec- trum. Once again, the European Commission comes to the rescue, this time in the person of Andreas Geiss, EC Head of Unit for Radio Spectrum Policy. NITTY-GRITTY "Connectivity in cars is all about wireless," Geiss said, explaining from scratch, "and so we have to make sure that this wireless connectiv- ity is reliable, that it's fast and that it should be everywhere. That is something that is going to be a major challenge for the network operators but also for vehicle-to-vehicle and vehicle-to- infrastructure communications. When the Commission set out its connec- tivity targets last year in the 'Gigabit Society' Communication, it said that by 2025 all urban ar- eas as well as the major roads and railways should have uninterrupted 5G wireless broadband cover- age. By 2020, at least one city in each European country should have that level of capacity. "Cooperative, connected and automated mobility is really the key driver in terms of demand," Geiss said. "The trials and the cross- border corridors are going to be very important in this area, and we will be supporting that with research funds, with 150 million for broad- band. We have been discussing and are still negotiating the code, the electronic communi- cations code, aiming at facilitating investment in the roll-out of 5G networks." Why do we need 5G when we already have good 4G networks that are quite pervasive? Geiss said 5G will have features of particular interest for automated driving: "Low-latency, reliability, which has to go up, and also the net- work slicing that will allow us to ensure that certain specialized services can also be reliably used everywhere they are needed. And I'm talk- described what appears to be a set of real-life, healthy, cooperative, European initiatives—sev- eral active cross-border corridors serving as test beds for connected and automated cars—now in place and delivering results. These include corridors linking: • Metz, France; Merzig, Germany and Luxembourg; • Rotterdam and Eindhoven in the Netherlands with Antwerp, Belgium • Merida, Spain and Evora, Portugal; • The E8 'Aurora Borealis' corridor from Tromso, Norway to Oulu, Finland; • The 'Nordic Way' linking parts of Sweden, Finland and Norway. These test-bed corridors have been established through a number of different cooperative agree- ments over the past two years. One example is the 'German-Franco Initiative on Electric and Digital Mobility,' launched in 2016. At least one additional non-cross-border corridor is operating inside Portugal, from Porto to Vigo. Schiltz's ministry is closely involved with the France-Germany-Luxembourg cor- ridor along with a tall stack of partners including big-name car manufacturers and telecomm network operators—all of whom are clearly all in when it comes to getting connected cars on the road sooner rather than later. Under study are vari- ous communication technologies, such as ITS G5, 4G, LTE-V2X, satellite, 5G and others. The project will prepare reports concerning public perception and accept- ability, critical safety-related situations and events for automated cars, and will assess priority of connectivity needs and quality requirements. Another key output will be an assessment of the impact of connected and automated driv- ing on traffic f luidity and fuel consumption. On the Luxembourg-to-France leg of the cor- ridor alone, Schiltz said, more than 80,000 commuters cross the border every day, causing enormous congestion issues. "SO WE WILL STILL NEED TO ENSURE THAT PEOPLE BELIEVE IN THESE VEHICLES, IN OUR HIGH SAFETY AND SECURITY STANDARDS." Maja Bakran Marcich, deputy director-general of the European Commission's transport Directorate-General

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